Organic Chemistry

Importance of Biomolecules in life

Importance of Biomolecules in life:-

The biomolecule is those chemicals which are present in the living system. These Chemicals play an important role in sustain of life. Without these chemicals, the various process of life cannot proceed.

There are following important biomolecules given below:-

Carbohydrates

Proteins

Lipids

Vitamins

Amino acids

Enzymes

Nucleic acids

Minerals

Why Carbohydrates are Important

The main function of carbohydrates to provide energy to the living system, Protein is one of the main Element, therefore the main function of the protein is the building block of elements of the body. It builds the framework of the body. are carbohydrates bad for you?

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The enzymes are the biological catalyst of a living system and the increase rate of reaction in the various biochemical reaction. The enzyme activity depends on various factors, Like temperature and PH amino acids.

Amino acids are monomers of the protein linked by a peptide linkage to form a long polypeptide chain. Which ultimately joins to form the protein.

Vitamins are vital elements, their small amount prevents from various diseases. There are various vitamins, such as Vitamin A, B, C, D, etc.

Why Vitamins are Important

“B” group vitamins help in normal function maintaining of nerves, skin, eyes, hair, liver, and mouth, also assist the normal digestive system muscle tone and proper brain function.

The B-complex vitamins are co-enzymes, which support the enzyme’s chemical reactions with other substances, take part in energy production and can be useful in depression and inconvenience conditions relieving. where are vitamins absorbed in the digestive system?

These vitamins are very important for old people because according to recent researches the Alzheimer disease is due to the decreased vitamin B12 and vitamins from B-complex assimilation.

Vitamins from the “B”-group have to be taken together because they have a complex act and one’s deficiency often leads to another.

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Nucleic acid such as DNA and RNA, Which play important role in inheritance. DNA full form is Deoxyribonucleic Acid however DNA is a short name for Deoxyribonucleic Acid. It carries all the biological information of the living system and transmits this to the next generation.

DNA form in new protein with the help of RNA. DNA is a double helical structure while RNA is single restraint. Both are composed of pant pentose sugar nitrogenous base and phosphate. DNA is a polymer of polynucleotides in which sugar base pair and phosphate group repeated

There are four major classes of biomolecules:

  • Lipids
  • Nucleic acids
  • Carbohydrates
  • Proteins

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